European imperialism in the explorations and settlement of the americas by spain and france

European colonization of the americas

Examples of settlement colonies include English colonies in parts of the United States, Canada and Australia. European Empires in North America From the 15th century onward, European nations invaded the New World and began establishing empires throughout the continent. Key Terms British Empire: The United Kingdom, together with its dominions, colonies, dependencies, trust territories, and protectorates became the Commonwealth of Nations following the independence of many of its constituent countries. Colonial expansion also brought Christianity into conflict with Islam as European powers challenged Muslim rulers and traders. On the brutal Middle Passage alone, 1 to 1. Europeans traded for slaves with the slave capturers of the local native African tribes in exchange for rum, guns, gunpowder, and other manufactures. The British then focused on governing efficiently while including some traditional elements of Indian society. However, it was doomed by poor planning, short provisions, weak leadership, lack of demand for trade goods, and devastating disease. Initially, explorers and merchants hoped to find a sea route across the Atlantic to the thriving markets of Asia. These were formed by merchant adventurers who travelled to the East after the discovery of the Cape sea route. Society was organised in clans.

So the Portuguese developed sugar plantations outfitted with enslaved Africans. Many came hoping to make a fortune.

first european settlement in north america

They were sponsored by common stock companies such as the chartered Virginia Company financed by wealthy Englishmen who exaggerated the economic potential of this new land.

The conditions in the forts and on the ships were horrendous.

European imperialism in the explorations and settlement of the americas by spain and france

The official language of the former Spanish colonies in the Americas is Spanish but there are many people who still speak their indigenous languages. The British then focused on governing efficiently while including some traditional elements of Indian society.

The Portuguese encouraged wars between rival kingdoms to maintain a constant supply of slaves. The Aztec monetary system was based on cocoa seeds, and the markets were very well organised.

why did europeans colonize america
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Spanish colonization of the Americas