Case study of apple fruit

Most North Americans and Europeans favor sweet, subacid apples, but tart apples have a strong minority following.

supply chain management of apple fruit

Competing interests: No. The marketing pattern of apple is different from other agriculture commodities.

Case study of apple fruit

Generally in the country and particularly in the state, when a grower enters into agri-business, he has to follow the market oriented modern sophisticated pre-harvest andpost-harvest operations accessible and affordable at his own level. The National Horticulture Board NHB of the Government of India regularly publishes and announces the wholesale price and market arrival figures of apple in different terminal markets for the benefit of the growers. Other forwarded agencies should have to follow the same strategies. HPMC has set up modern fruit packing houses in different parts of the State. Before conducting the survey, we informed and discussed with the participants about the nature of the research. Field Surveys The field surveys were undertaken in The present study, therefore, aims to understand the causes of reducing apple farming in the state despite high preference of local people to continue apple farming. Between 75 and , the area under apple has gone up from hectares to hectares. The larynx in the human throat has been called the " Adam's apple " because of a notion that it was caused by the forbidden fruit remaining in the throat of Adam. The Himalayan mountain ecosystem, at present, is facing the challenges created due to increasing aridity, warmer winter season, variability in precipitation, and unexpected frosts and storms [1] , [2] , which largely affect the entire range of biodiversity, including agriculture and horticulture crops [1] , [3]. Apple marketing in the valleyis virtually in its entirety is carried out by the private sector comprising of pre-harvest contractor, forwarding agent, commission agents, wholesalers and retailers. About 70 per cent of the total trade of apple is distributed through this market.

Plastic crates both collapsible and non-collapsible are also used for cold storage and for processing units. Results The horticulture has emerged as the main profession of inhabitants in the study area, followed by agriculture and animal husbandry.

marketing of apple fruit in himachal pradesh

New vision and concerted efforts are required for change in variety mix, supply of quality planting material from elite clones on indexed clonal rootstocks.

Other forwarded agencies should have to follow the same strategies.

Case study on apples

Most North Americans and Europeans favor sweet, subacid apples, but tart apples have a strong minority following. There is also an evidence of collusion amongst theapple merchants to control apple prices within the market and to influencing pricing in othermarket. These are available with HPMC at their various packing stations. Two villages at each altitudinal range e. A total of respondents inhabited in 6 villages were interviewed during the present investigations along the altitudinal gradient in Kinnaur district. Figures Abstract Apple farming is an important activity and profession of farmer communities in the Himalayan states of India. Plastic crates both collapsible and non-collapsible are also used for cold storage and for processing units. The change in land use practices was attributed to climate change and in many areas the land under apple farming was replaced for production of coarse grains, seasonal vegetables and other horticulture species. As a result, in the story of Adam and Eve, the apple became a symbol for knowledge, immortality, temptation, the fall of man into sin, and sin itself. In the United Kingdom, old cultivars such as ' Cox's Orange Pippin ' and ' Egremont Russet ' are still commercially important even though by modern standards they are low yielding and susceptible to disease.

Further, Davidson notes that the potentially Germanic goddess Nehalennia is sometimes depicted with apples and that parallels exist in early Irish stories. The marketing process consequently involves both mental and physical aspects.

change in price of apples in himachal pradesh during plucking and non plucking season

Methods Study Area The present study was carried out in the Kinnaur district of Himachal Pradesh, which is located in the northern India. Due to powerful intermediaries in the marketing system, present marketing has an inherent tendency to give more benefits to these intermediaries at the cost of apple growers.

The sale through pre-harvest contractors is the most important system of marketing.

Apple fruit market

About 70 per cent of the total trade of apple is distributed through this market. These are available with HPMC at their various packing stations. Similarly, the HPMC has undertaken large scale processing of temperate fruits like apples, peaches and others. He awarded the apple to Aphrodite, thus indirectly causing the Trojan War. Of the 12 districts of Himachal Pradesh, Kinnuar being third largest district spans over 6, km2. The marketing of Apple is a complex phenomenon. Plastic crates both collapsible and non-collapsible are also used for cold storage and for processing units. Field Surveys The field surveys were undertaken in China dominates the world in production of apple, followed by the United States, and India ranks seventh with average yield of about 7. Figures Abstract Apple farming is an important activity and profession of farmer communities in the Himalayan states of India.

Introduction The mountain ecosystem is one of the most vulnerable ecosystems to the climate change and so that the mountain communities, especially those mainly depend on animal husbandry, marginal agriculture and horticulture products.

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Climate Change and Apple Farming in Indian Himalayas: A Study of Local Perceptions and Responses