An overview of the book about the history of sugar production

This includes changes to national and international policies, investment in appropriate irrigation infrastructure, and a stronger sustainability commitment from the sugar and food industries.

Sugar: a global history

Cyprus and Sicily became important centres for sugar production. Although many of the environmental impacts of cane and beet cultivation are generic to agriculture, some impacts are distinct, particularly in their severity. Cotton cultivation was the primary industry in which enslaved African Americans worked. And although both sugar and tobacco have ancient origins, it was their sudden, mass consumption from the midth century onwards that created the health risks we associate with them today. Sugar catalyzed some of the first waves of globalization — notably in British North America, which entered the world economy as a supplier of goods to the Caribbean sugar complex and a processor of its harvest. Over the decades, the sugar plantations became expanding as the transatlantic trade continued to prosper. Modern day scourges In many ways, the story of sugar and tobacco are closely aligned. These problems were seen on a different scale in the Dominican Republic in the 16th century; the Lesser Antilles in the 17th century; Jamaica and Haiti in the 18th century; and Cuba and Puerto Rico in the 19th century. Capitalism and racism were made in symbiosis with one another. Sugar created a unique political ecology, the relationship between labor, profits, and ecological consequences, in the Caribbean [3]. As a major share of the total trade of both 18th-century France and Britain, sugar lubricated the world economy and provided nutrition to the growing number of people who worked in cities and industry. In the very last chapter, it pivots a bit and talks about sugar's effect on the rest of society. The West India Interest [6] was formed in the s, when the British merchants joined with the West Indian sugar planters. Sugar was the most important crop throughout the Caribbean, although other crops such as coffee , indigo , and rice were also grown.

In Britain, the Palladian mansions and urbane conversation pieces of the Augustan age were underwritten by slavery. Sugar, he shows, was rare for most of human history, with sweetness largely derived from fruits and honey.

sweetness and power

Atlantic slavery made fortunes for sugar planters and made sugar widely available. And while tobacco is widely acknowledged to be addictive, sugar can also drive behavioural responses that are indistinguishable from addiction.

The first chemically refined sugar appeared on the scene in India about 2, years ago.

Sustainability does not necessarily mean reduced productivity or profits; indeed measures needed to reduce environmental impacts will often also provide economic benefits for farmers and mills. After slavery, sugar plantations used a variety of forms of labour including workers imported from colonial India and Southern China working as indentured servants on European owned plantations see coolie. And of course, goods such as copper and brass, rum, cloth, tobacco and guns were needed to purchase slaves from the African elites. In the process, he becomes so distracted by bodies — toothless bodies, whipped bodies, fat bodies — that he cannot keep pace with the increasing complexity and deepening inequality of the world sugar helped to make. The colony's prosperity remained regionally unmatched until sugar cane production expanded in larger colonies, such as Saint-Domingue and Jamaica. When they were finally emancipated in in the British Empire, it was the slave owners who were fully compensated — not the slaves. Early sugar plantations made extensive use of slaves because sugar was considered a cash crop that exhibited economies of scale in cultivation; it was most efficiently grown on large plantations with many workers. This need was met by a transatlantic slave trade , which resulted in around 12,, human beings being shipped from Africa to the Americas between and Researchers are currently hunting for early evidence of sugarcane cultivation at the Kuk Swamp in Papua New Guinea, where the domestication of related crops such as taro and banana dates back to approximately 8,BC. Sugar and the Environment - Encouraging Better Management Practices in Sugar Production and Processing Posted on 22 June Encouraging better management practices in sugar production and processing Introduction More than million tonnes of sugar sucrose is produced per year in about countries; open pan artisanal sugar production in Asia probably adds more than ten million tonnes to this total. Sweets have invaded the English language the way they have invaded our diet, with almost universally positive connotations. Brutalized indentured workers from India and China took up sugar production in Guyana and Fiji, Mauritius and Trinidad. It not only dramatically increased the ratio of slaves to free men, but it increased the average size of slave plantations.

It's hundreds and hundreds of pages about slavery, that just happens to use sugar as a backdrop. Researchers are currently hunting for early evidence of sugarcane cultivation at the Kuk Swamp in Papua New Guinea, where the domestication of related crops such as taro and banana dates back to approximately 8,BC.

sugar the world corrupted from slavery to obesity

Over the decades, the sugar plantations became expanding as the transatlantic trade continued to prosper. Its main output — apart from commercial profits — is a global public health crisis, which has been centuries in the making.

Rated 9/10 based on 70 review
Download
Sugar: A Bittersweet History by Elizabeth Abbott