A history of russian literature
Bylinas are a poetic memorial of the past that present interesting types and paragons of personal and social virtues.
Russian literature characteristics
Inner upheavals of the 16th - 17th centuries imparted to literature certain features of religious and political publicism. Mirsky had done so brilliantly seventy years ago. The general mood of folk lyrics, peculiar for its poetic gentleness and tenderness, is remarkably sad and wistful, at times jumping to wildly hilarious and even riotous. Church influence and early literature For centuries church literature remained the major spiritual and moral pabulum for the Russian people. This genre depicts the lives of saints, patriarchs, and monks. In a contradictive mixture of rebel and fatigue, self-affirmation and melancholy, artists strive to go 'beyond good and evil', to transcend the ethics with aesthetics. Mythology is also obvious in olden fairy tales, which, however, were much altered with later additions of plentiful details. The late 16th century saw rapid development of the secular story of manners, which often interpreted the 'wandering' plots of the western and oriental literatures. Using satire and comedy, Fonvizin supported a system of nobility in which the elite were rewarded based upon personal merit rather than the hierarchal favoritism that was rampant during Catherine the Great's reign. What is important in this pattern is that the breaks were sudden rather than gradual and that they were the product of political forces external to literary history itself.
Fourth, some have questioned whether these texts can properly be called literary, if by that term is meant works that are designed to serve a primarily aesthetic function, inasmuch as these writings were generally written to serve ecclesiastic or utilitarian purposes.
Peter's example set a precedent for the remainder of the 18th century as Russian writers began to form clear ideas about the proper use and progression of the Russian language. It split the literature into three branches.
History of russian literature pdf
The general mood of folk lyrics, peculiar for its poetic gentleness and tenderness, is remarkably sad and wistful, at times jumping to wildly hilarious and even riotous. The unusual shape of Russian literary history has been the source of numerous controversies. Mikhail Vasilyevich Lomonosov , in particular, expressed his gratitude for and dedication to Peter's legacy in his unfinished Peter the Great, Lomonosov's works often focused on themes of the awe-inspiring, grandeur nature, and was therefore drawn to Peter because of the magnitude of his military, architectural and cultural feats. Medieval Russian literature had an overwhelmingly religious character and used an adapted form of the Church Slavonic language with many South Slavic elements. Unlike those who took after the grand style of Mikhail Lomonosov and Alexander Sumarokov, Derzhavin was concerned with the minute details of his subjects. Kantemir's works regularly expressed his admiration for Peter, most notably in his epic dedicated to the emperor entitled Petrida. A turning point in the course of Russian literature, his translation of Paul Tallemant's work Voyage to the Isle of Love, was the first to use the Russian vernacular as opposed the formal and outdated Church-Slavonic. What is important in this pattern is that the breaks were sudden rather than gradual and that they were the product of political forces external to literary history itself. Terras then moves on to the masterful realist fiction of Turgenev, Dostoevsky, and Tolstoi during the second half of the nineteenth century, showing how it was a catalyst for the social and cultural advances following the reforms of Alexander II. The writers of that time waver between sheer imitation of the French specimen and looking for their own subjects, language and style. Satirist Antiokh Dmitrievich Kantemir , —, was one of the earliest Russian writers not only to praise the ideals of Peter I's reforms but the ideals of the growing Enlightenment movement in Europe. The issue of overcoming the tragic loneliness of a person in this world is solved by writers in search of this or that form of harmonious social communication, mainly in joining the life of common people. Trediakovsky and M. This ready reference both for scholars and for serious students sets Russian literature in a social and political context that makes it more accessible to Western readers.
Great reforms and social issues The 'great reforms' epoch of the s - s drew the attention of literature towards social issues. The prevalence of philosophic topics in literature conditions the hey-day of Russian novel. Works of the oldest Kievan period also led to modern Ukrainian and Belarusian literature.
Bylinas — oral folk epics — fused Christian and pagan traditions. Symbolism has become not only a literary movement but also a new spiritual experience. It was a recurrence of romanticism in Russian consciousness.
Russian literature books
Sumarokov, along with the tendency to be the Russian Racine and Voltaire, creates folk-style songs; D. It split the literature into three branches. Bylina coming from the word 'byl' or something that really happened is a heroic epic speaking about bogatyri mighty heroes , who protect the land of Rus from enemies and act for its unifying. In discussing the period preceding the revolution of , Terras links the literary movements with parallel developments in the theater, music, and the visual arts, explaining that these all placed Russia in the forefront of European modernism. Peter and Fevronya of Murom was transformed into this genre in the late 15th or early 16th century. Students will find it invaluable. Denis Fonvizin , an author primarily of comedy, approached the subject of the Russian nobility with an angle of critique. This genre depicts the lives of saints, patriarchs, and monks. Fonvizin felt the nobility should be held to the standards they were under the reign of Peter the Great, during which the quality of devotion to the state was rewarded.
Inner upheavals of the 16th - 17th centuries imparted to literature certain features of religious and political publicism. Terras has done the impossible.
Russian literature authors
Early history[ edit ] Old Russian literature consists of several masterpieces written in the Old East Slavic i. Fourth, some have questioned whether these texts can properly be called literary, if by that term is meant works that are designed to serve a primarily aesthetic function, inasmuch as these writings were generally written to serve ecclesiastic or utilitarian purposes. Professor Terras's book is written with an easy erudition and distinctly individual tone that will make it a pleasure to read, both for the general public at whom it is targeted, and also for scholars and teachers, who will doubtless recommend it to their students. In the early 19th century Karamzin became a conservative. Medieval Russian literature had an overwhelmingly religious character and used an adapted form of the Church Slavonic language with many South Slavic elements. Soloviev finds a genius poetic commentary in work of Alexander Block. However, philosophic motives sound distinct in the lyric poetry as well F. Kantemir's works regularly expressed his admiration for Peter, most notably in his epic dedicated to the emperor entitled Petrida. In some cases these works arise to a high artistic level. Third, the literary language established in Kievan Rus was Church Slavonic , which, despite the gradual increase of local East Slavic variants, linked the culture to the wider community known as Slavia orthodoxa—that is, to the Eastern Orthodox South Slavs of the Balkans. In poetic sphere the worldwide acknowledgment belongs to Josef Brodsky.
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